Nuclear Magnetic Resonance- NMR- New to the MSI Rental Pool!

 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Borehole Logging

Borehole Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR or BMR) is the advanced geophysical logging tool available for rent from Mount Sopris. This tool provides an accurate characterization of pore structure in the subsurface by measuring signals from magnetic resonance. This measurement can distinguish fluid types, and determine rock porosity, fluid content and permeability. NMR technology, in the newly developed slimline NMR tool offered by Mount Sopris, can be used in a wide variety of industries.

Applications

 

Using NMR for Groundwater

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance for Groundwater wells and research

BMR is a can be used to map aquifer hydrogeology for groundwater management. To assess water distribution within an aquifer, a hydrogeologist must determine vertical and lateral variation in total porosity and differentiate the fraction that is occupied by free (mobile) water, versus the remaining fraction occupied by bound (immobile) water. The NMR tool can investigate aquifer flow potential by calculating hydraulic conductivity, specific yield, and specific retention of the rock in-situ. Aquifer permeability can also be derived from analysis of NMR responses.

Borehole NMR is specifically tuned to sense the fluid-filled pores only, so measurement accuracy is completely unaffected by matrix composition, with no special calibrations to formation lithology therefore required. This response capability contrasts completely with the lithology-dependent measurement principle of conventional logging tools.

Brochure for Hydrogeology and Groundwater: Read Here

Example of NMR compared to Packer Testing: Read Here

Using NMR for Iron Ore

Borehole Magnetic Resonance NMR for iron mining

BMR can be used to map moisture content, specific yield and dry weight density in iron ore deposits, as well as vadose zone porosity and permeability. These measurements are especially important if extracting ore from below the water table. The insight provided by these distribution models help to shape drainage strategies, lead to understanding of ore handleability, guide crushing plant design, optimize operational feed and determine extent of blending required for final safe shipment. NMR technology measures specific yield, specific retention, dry matrix density and permeability continuously within the borehole.

Brochure for Iron Mining: Read Here

Using NMR for Coal

 

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NMR logging for Coal mining

The Mount Sopris BMR system can be used in mapping coal seam gas content and permeability for coal mining operations, helping mine operators to predict under what conditions coal walls may pose outburst risk and plan mine layout and ventilation systems in order to minimize methane emission, and determine whether a particular coal requires gas pre-drainage prior to longwall mining. Coal system permeability is also derived from analysis of NMR responses.

Successful gas management plans require closely spaced, accurate measurements to adequately capture gas content and permeability heterogeneity. Total gas content and system permeability can be determined in-situ using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance technology. As borehole magnetic resonance is specifically tuned to sense the fluid-filled structure and coal matrix nano-pores only, the accuracy of the measurement is completely unaffected by matrix composition, so it does not need to be calibrated for coal type, grade or ash content. A proprietary magnetic resonance excitation pulse sequence and analysis technique, referred to as T2-StimD, has been developed to detect and quantify adsorbed gas content in the coal matrix, as well as any free gas content in the structure.

Brochure for Coal Mining: Read Here

For More Information: Borehole Magnetic Resonance in Coal Seams by Tim Hopper

Using NMR for Brine Mining

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance for Lithium and Potash Brine mining

The Mount Sopris BMR system can be used for hydrogeologic mapping for brine mining operations, determining the economic viability and shaping development strategy of brine mining operations. In particular, to assess distribution and producibility of groundwater brines, the hydrogeologist must determine vertical and lateral variation in total porosity across the resource, and differentiate the fraction that is occupied by free (mobile) brine, versus the remaining fraction occupied by bound (immobile) brine. To map brine movement, one needs to investigate flow potential, which depends on hydraulic conductivity, the specific yield and specific retention of the rock. Aquifer permeability can also be determined using magnetic resonance responses.

Brochure for Brine Mining: Read Here

Operating Conditions

Borehole Fluid
[X] Water
[X] Mud
[X] Dry

Casing
[X] Uncased
[X] PVC Borehole
[ ] Steel

Centralization
[X] Required
[ ] Not Necessary

Features & Benefits

NMR technology is useful in many industries. Due to high demand and the usefulness of the measurements, Mount Sopris has partnered with NMRSA from Australia to offer a smaller borehole magnetic resonance tool for other industries that operate in slim boreholes. The BMR tool has many benefits for your logging application.

  • Advanced NMR pulse sequences and signal processing provides precise and accurate aquifer pore structure and mobile water content measurements
  • A theoretical model is used to estimate intrinsic permeability
  • Fast wireline telemetry and powerful analysis software generates a real-time log
  • Impressive signal-to-noise ratio gives a large depth of investigation
  • Can be run centered in open-hole, fiberglass or PVC-lined boreholes

 

Renting the NMR from Mount Sopris

 

The Mount Sopris sales team is fully apt to train you on the nuclear magnetic resonance tool. Our support team received training from NMRSA to ensure that they can provide expertise on the equipment functionality and troubleshooting. We offer training in-house at our facility in Denver, Colorado and can also travel to you for on-site training. This training is included with your rental of the BMR tool. As always, Mount Sopris will offer technical support over the phone or through email for any troubles that may arise when operating this tool in the field.

 

How NMR Works

 

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) takes advantage of interactions between hydrogen nuclei and applied (electro)magnetic fields. Hydrogen nuclei possess a magnetic moment, acting like small bar magnets. In water, or other hydrogen-containing fluids, occurring in the pore space of a rock the magnetic fields of the various hydrogen nuclei in the different fluid molecules will be randomly oriented. If an external magnetic field is introduced, these nuclei will align themselves with the external magnetic field, or polarise. If the effect of this external magnetic field is then removed, the nuclei will over time dephase, until they are again randomly oriented.

 Polarization and dephasing of nmr probe

The peak magnetisation detected when the hydrogen nuclei are fully polarised is a direct measure of how much hydrogen in present in the fluids in a rock, this in turn is a function of the water content or porosity. The rate at which the hydrogen nuclei polarise, characterised by the longitudinal relaxation time T1, and dephase, characterised by the transverse relaxation time T2, is controlled by interactions between the magnetic fields of the individual hydrogen nuclei and other local magnetic fields, most significantly those associated with paramagnetic atoms such as iron and manganese occurring in the rock matrix. The relaxation rates are a measure of how effectively hydrogen nuclei in fluid molecules can interact with paramagnetic atoms in the rock matrix, and so are strongly controlled by pore size, which also controls permeability.

Nuclear magnetic resonance is uniquely suited to evaluate both storage and flow properties of rocks due to this sensitivity to both pore volume and pore size, making it an ideal choice for hydrogeological and other applications.

Read More- Haliburton NMR Logging Principles and Applications

Access NMR Research and Publications on our Library Page

Specifications – Metric/English

 

SpecificationMetricEnglish
Diameter60 mm2.36″
Length2.01 m79.1″
Weight19 Kg41.9 lbs.
Max. Temp.100ºC212ºF
Max. Pressure200 bar2900 psi

 

Borehole Diameter Range: 75-230mm (3-9”)

Logging Speed: 60-120 m/hr (200-400 ft/hr)

Vertical Resolution: 80mm (3.15”)

Diameter of Investigation: Configurable 190-260mm (7.5-10.2″)

Echo Spacing (TE): Configurable 320 𝛍s+

Wait Time (TW): Dual

T2 Range: 0.5xTE – 5 seconds

Porosity Range: 0 – 100 pu

Total Porosity Precision: 2 pu – 5 level averaging at 30 ºC

 

Development Team

 

For over 60 years, Mount Sopris Instrumentmount_sopris_whites has delivered innovative borehole logging solutions to drillers, miners, engineers and researchers in over 120 countries. With an extensive product range and industry-leading customer support, Mount Sopris is dedicated pushing the boundaries of science to improve productivity and data integrity.

 

Advanced Logic Technology is a software and hardware development company bringing innovative solutions to the geoscience industry since 1993, including best-in-class log composite software, WellCAD, and industry-leading imaging probes.

 

Based out of Perth, Australia, NMRSA is an R&D group composed of scientists and engineers that are dedicated to improving technology that is used in the resource industry.

 

Documentation

NMR Tool Brochure: Read Here

Brochure for Hydrogeology and Groundwater: Read Here

Example of NMR compared to Packer Testing: Read Here

Brochure for Iron Mining: Read Here

Brochure for Brine Mining: Read Here

Brochure for Coal Mining: Read Here

For More Information: Borehole Magnetic Resonance in Coal Seams by Tim Hopper

Read More: Haliburton NMR Logging Principles and Applications